AT A GLANCE
Official Name: United Republic of Tanzania
Chief of State: President Jakaya Kikwete
Next election: 2010
Capital: Dar es Salaam
Population: 43.74 million (UN, 2009)
Independence: 1964 from the United Kingdom
Human Development Index: 151 of 182 countries (UN, 2009)
Gender Gap Index: 73 of 134 countries (World Economic Forum, 2009)
Gross National Income per capita: US$430 (World Bank, 2009)
Changing Public Service Behaviour: Social Marketing Campaign
Local Partner: Office of the Prime Minister, Public Service Management
Canadian Expert: Mary Gusella
As part of its Public Service Reform Program and ethics awareness activities, the Government of Tanzania is working to strengthen its responsiveness and accountability to the public. Through social marketing campaigns, they aim to increase public servants’ awareness of the core values, code of ethics and the conduct required for excellence in public service delivery. At the request of Tanzania’s Public Service Management in the Office of the Prime Minister, Canadian expert Mary Gusella will help develop a social marketing campaign, campaign materials and evaluation tools to improve ethical conduct of public servants and increase citizen awareness of and demand for quality public services.
"I have seen that as public servants we have a skill-set that can also advance the public good outside of Canada." Mary Gusella, Chair of the Board, Commission for Complaints for Telecommunications Services and former Chief Commissioner of the Canadian Human Rights Commission.
Mary Gusella with Tanzanian Colleagues
Strengthening Ethics and Conflict of Interest Legislation
Status: Complete, 2010
Local Partner: Tanzania's Ethics Secretariat
Canadian Expert: Mary Gusella
Case Study: Strengthening Tanzania’s Public Leadership Code of Ethics Act by Mary Gusella
Papers: Strengthening Conflict of Interest and Ethics Legislation by Mary Gusella and her team
Presentations: Overview of Key Elements of Ethics and Conflict of Interest Regimes in Six Countries – Canada, Ghana, Malaysia, Singapore, Trinidad/Tobago and USA by Mary Gusella
Ethics Management as an Important Aspect of Democratic Development and Public Administration: A Case Study of Tanzania by Justice Stephen Ihema, Ethics Commissioner of Tanzania
Conflict of Interest and Ethics in Canada by Mary Dawson, Conflict of Interest and Ethics Commissioner of Canada
Deployment for Democratic Development helped prepare the policy work leading to a revised Leadership Code of Ethics that will apply to a wide cross-section of public leaders in Tanzania. Under the guidance of the Ethics Commissioner, Mary Gusella (former Chief Commissioner of the Canadian Human Rights Commission) provided advice and support to this policy and legislative development process. Research was conducted on the institutional machinery for preventing and dealing with conflicts of interest in six selected countries. Issues that arise when attempting to separate the public and private interests of public officials were examined as part of the legal research.
In addition, the existing legislation, which was enacted in 1995, was thoroughly analyzed to identify its strengths and weaknesses and to identify gaps that need to be addressed. Consultations with stakeholders were held, beginning at the problem definition stage. A working paper outlining potential policy and legislative options for revisions to the Public Leadership Code of Ethics Act was drafted for presentation to Government.
"Ethics management, and in particular conflict of interest legislation, is an important aspect of public administration because it affects every citizen's confidence in public office holders and in democratic institutions. It is an honour to be asked to assist in the strengthening of the Public Leadership Code of Ethics for Tanzania." Mary Gusella
Canadian expert Mary Gusella with Mr. Justice Stephen Ihema, Tanzania's Ethics Commissioner, and other members of the Ethics Secretariat